Among the many types of substance abuse, none are more destructive than alcoholism. It has been estimated that approximately 80,000 Americans die every year in accidents or from ailments that are related to the excessive consumption of alcohol products. Many have turned to alcohol rehab as a way to overcome their addictions, and others who are considering such treatment need to know exactly how an alcohol rehab works.
There are actually different methods to treat the addiction to alcohol, but every one of these is done either on an outpatient basis or is carried out in some type of alcohol rehab. The specific forms of alcohol rehab range from individual or group psychological counseling to straight medical techniques, or can employ alternative health procedures. Some forms of alcohol rehab are geared to those of certain ages or are based on gender.
Those being treated on an outpatient basis usually have some social ties and may be able to function in a somewhat normal manner. Whereas alcohol rehab is generally more aggressive, and is often used in cases where patients do not have families or close social relationships or have severe addictions and have not had success with other forms of treatment. The length of the stay at an alcohol rehab is dependent upon a number of factors, but short-term treatment is normally completed in four weeks and long-term rehabilitation can take up to three months. Early forms of alcohol rehab had concentrated on dealing with the addiction itself and the consequences of withdrawal. Modern techniques address not only the symptoms of the addiction but the underlying reasons for the condition.
Individuals become alcoholic when they can no longer control their consumption of alcoholic beverages. As is the case with addiction to drugs, alcoholism involves chemical changes in the body that lead to withdrawal symptoms if the affected person stops drinking. Aggressive forms of alcohol rehab often involve an initial detoxication process that allows the person to stop drinking without suffering from those health repercussions. This requires the careful monitoring of the patient by trained medical personnel. Medication can in such cases be helpful to reduce anxiety and lessen cravings, while sauna treatment is a popular method of cleansing the body. The next phase of alcohol rehab will focus on the treatment of the underlying issues that may have led to the addiction. Inpatient facilities often employ a 12-step program that was initially developed in the 1930s as a method of dealing with alcoholism. The program requires the participants to directly deal their addictions and related issues.
Both outpatient and inpatient treatments often employ various forms of client-centered therapy that may use the principle of psychoanalysis. More conventional cognitive therapeutic treatments emphasize the learning of skills that can be used in overcoming the addiction and related problems. One of the most important aspects of any type of alcohol rehab is to prevent a relapse of the addiction. Any successful alcohol rehab program must have different elements to both stop their participants from drinking and allow them to stay sober.